Archives for Maria Girouard

RadioActive 10/30/14

Producer/Host: Meredith DeFrancesco

Issue: Environmental and Social Justice

Program Topic:
Maria Girouard of the Penobscot Nation gives an overview of the historic conflict over Wabanaki territory and sovereignty between the state and tribes, up to present

Key Discussion Points:
1. Penobscot Nation member Maria Girouard spoke to a class at the Maine Maritime Academy, in Castine, titled “Communities and Conflict.”
2. Girourad spoke on the impacts of historical, or intergenerational, trauma, explicitly how past and unfolding policies of colonization have impacted the Wabanaki tribes present within Maine’s borders.
3. Maria Girouard gives an historical overview of the conflict between the state and the tribes concerning Wabanaki territory, and the state’s continuing position on tribal land, water, fishing rights and sovereignty, including the current case in US District Court, Penobscot Nation vs. State Attorney General Janet Mills, et al

Maria Girouard, member of the Penobscot Nation, environmental activist, community organizer. She is currently the Welness Coordinator for Maien Wbanaki REACH ( ), the organization facilitating the work of the Maine Wabanaki State Chile Welfare Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Girouard served as the Penobscot Nation’s director of Cultural and Historic Preservation 2006-2011, and was a member of the Penobscot Tribal Council 2012-to 2014

Wabanaki Windows 2/16/10

Producer/Host: Donna Loring

Topic: The Christian Doctrine of Discovery

What is the doctrine of discovery?  How does it effect Indians today?  What can be done to combat the doctrine?


Maria Girouard, Director, Penobscot Nation Cultural & Historic Preservation, [email protected]

Gale Corey-Toensing, Indian Country Today

Resources for learning about the Christian Doctrine of Discovery:

George E. Tinker (Osage/Cherokee), Missionary Conquest: The Gospel and Native American Cultural Genocide, Augsburg Press, Minneapolis, 1993.

George E. Tinker (Osage/Cherokee),  American Indian Liberation: A Theology of Sovereignty, Orbis Books, Maryknoll, NY, 2008.

Newcomb, Steven T. (Shawnee/Lenape), Pagans in the Promised Land: Decoding the Doctrine of Christian Discovery, Fulcrum, Golden, CO, 2008.

Miller, Robert J. (Eastern Shawnee Tribe of Oklahoma), Native America, Discovered and Conquered: Thomas Jefferson, Lewis and Clark, and Manifest Destiny, Praeger, Westport, CT, 2006.

United Nations General Assembly “The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples”, 2007, Available for download from UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, UNPFII, click EN for English language version; also find background information on this website.

Deloria, Vine, Jr (Lakota), God is Red: A Native View of Religion, Fulcrum, Golden, CO, 1973.

Awkwesasne Notes, Mohawk Nation (with Chief Oren Lyons, John Mohawk, Jose Barreiro), “Basic Call to Consciousness”, 2005, Book Publishing, Summertown, TN

Aperture, Michael E. Hoffman, Executive Director, “Strong Hearts: Native American Visions and Voices, Aperture, NY, 1995.

Williams, Robert A 1955, Like a Loaded Weapon:

The Rehnquist Court, Indian Rights and the Legal History of Racism in America

Copyright 2005 by the Regents of the University of Minnesota